Global Crime Index 2022 part 2 – Part one is here.
Factors That Could Reduce the Global Crime Index
The Global Crime Index measures and monitors the magnitude, seriousness, context, location, frequency, persistence, and trends of different types of crime across different countries worldwide. It is an ideal measure to analyze crime levels in any country at regional or national levels.
However, it cannot monitor changes in significant policy reforms or interventions that may have an important impact on crime levels in any country. It is believed that seven factors could reduce the global Crime Index 2022. They include the following.
1. More International Collaboration
Cybercrime is one of the crimes that has grown the most in recent years, and it’s also very hard to investigate because it can be perpetrated from anywhere in the world. With no borders on cyber-space, it becomes crucial for law enforcement to cooperate more than ever, especially since many cybercriminals are known for attacking countries on different continents simultaneously.
2. Forensic Data Sharing
Similarly, forensic evidence is also hard to obtain when it comes to cyber-crime since most of the evidence is stored on computers or IT systems that can be anywhere in the world. The same goes for digital forensics.
It is hard to obtain the digital evidence needed for cyber-crime investigation when the crime is perpetrated in a different country. The only way to solve these challenges is through international collaboration, so forensic data sharing becomes important for international investigations.
3. More Funding Towards Law Enforcement
With budget cuts becoming more and more common worldwide, it’s important to remember that many important areas of government spending can be cut to save on costs.
Law enforcement is one of the most important tasks for any country’s government, so it should not suffer budget cuts. With more funding towards law enforcement agencies, they will have more resources at their disposal and thus investigate crimes better than before.
4. Open Data for Citizens
The age of open data is upon us, and it’s only a matter of time before government agencies start sharing their data online with the general public. Right now, most countries’ police departments are very secretive about their investigation methods and tactics, which makes it harder to predict future crime trends.
When this information starts being shared openly, researchers will be able to extrapolate crime trends with more accuracy, thus making it easier for law enforcement agencies to prevent crimes from happening in the first place.
5. A Better Educated Police Force
Also, a better-educated police force will surely help reduce crime rates worldwide. Constantly learning new skills and techniques is something most people working on a regular 9-5 job cannot do, but a police officer should have no problem doing this.
With a better-educated police force that’s well versed in new technologies and techniques, criminals will find it a lot harder to commit crimes which will lead to lower crime rates in the future.
6. More Important Data Being Made Public
Currently, a lot of the crime data collected by governments agencies is not shared with the general public due to privacy concerns.
This makes it harder for researchers and people outside of government to analyze the data, which slows down their decision-making process about what approach to combat crime. If more important data were shared with the public, there would be a lot more room for creativity and different ideas to help reduce crime rates in the future.
7. More Data Sharing Between Countries
Finally, it’s currently very difficult to make international connections when investigating cybercrimes and digital forensics is also hard due to lack of information sharing. With crime rates going up, it’s important to remember that while national borders have been around for a while now, the age of the internet has changed everything drastically.
That being said, countries’ law enforcement agencies need to share a lot more information to improve their chances of success when investigating cybercrimes and digital forensics.
Factors That Contributed To an Increase in Global Crime
Criminologists have long speculated the causes of crime. These speculations have led to the creation of theories. One example of a criminology theory is strain theory, which postulates that crime occurs when society deprives an individual or group of the means to achieve their goals. They commit illegal acts as a result.
This theory has been used to try and explain certain types of crime, such as drug dealing and burglary. What is certain, however, is that crime has been increasing worldwide. Understanding the causes of this increase in global crime will focus on this article. The following are seven factors that contribute to an increase in global crime.
Human Trafficking and Drug Trafficking
Human trafficking is the illegal transportation of people for selling, which has increased to 4 million worldwide. The total revenue generated globally by human trafficking is estimated at around $150 billion per year.
Additionally, 70% of human trafficking victims are women or girls, half of them are underage. Similarly, drug trafficking has increased, with more than 183 million people using drugs worldwide. The total revenue of drug trafficking is estimated to be around $300 billion per year.
Advance in Technology
Advances in technology have facilitated the crime rate increase globally. For example, advances in communication technology like the Internet and SMS make human trafficking easier because traffickers can exploit victims easier.
Furthermore, weapons and ammunition can be easily sourced from the internet. Additionally, new technology like 3-D printers allows people to build guns using plastic at home. It has increased the crime rate globally because it has become more accessible and affordable for anyone.
The proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons
There are estimated to be 875 million firearms globally, which is enough for every 12 people. This also increases crime rates because criminals can easily get their hands on guns. For example, different cartels in Mexico have amassed thousands of deadly weapons to produce their ammunition.
Furthermore, loose firearms are not being kept secure by people, so children can also get hold of them. Similarly, increased light weapons use has increased crime rates globally because they are small and easily concealed.
Male Population Distribution
The male population distribution globally has a large portion of the total male population in the 15-29 age groups. This is because young men are typically more likely to commit crimes than older people.
In addition, these individuals may be easily influenced by crime syndicates and gangs who offer them money and other benefits in exchange for joining. Furthermore, this demographic is more likely to have a higher mortality rate, leading to a more hazardous lifestyle.
The global population of religious individuals has declined by 9%, with rates ranging from 15% in Germany to 65% in the Philippines. For example, most researchers have reported that religion promotes altruistic behavior and discourages criminal conduct.
Additionally, religion has been proposed as a buffer against the negative effects of unemployment and other criminogenic situations. The drop in religion rate globally leads to an increase in crimes because fewer people believe that their actions will be judged by God or another higher power.
Low GDP Per Capita
GDP per capita is one of the most significant factors contributing to crime rates. The GDP per capita is the average amount of money earned by an individual in a year, divided by his population. If this number is low, there are fewer job opportunities for people because businesses are not making enough profit.
Furthermore, the lack of employment opportunities has increased crime rates globally because it has increased unemployment and made people more desperate for money. For example, the GDP per capita in Mexico is $16,000, while that of Canada is $50,000.
This demonstrates that there are more opportunities for employment in Canada than in Mexico, which makes people less likely to commit crimes out of desperation.
Human Rights and Fair Justice System
Some reports suggested weak human rights and a lack of a fair justice system contributed to increasing crime rates globally. For example, some countries do not have a minimum wage law, which means there is no limit on how much money an organization can pay its employees.
Additionally, it has been argued that certain police forces in developing countries resort to vigilantism and commit human rights abuses to combat increasing crime rates.
Crime is one of the most pressing issues in many third-world countries, with the majority of its residents living below the poverty line. Criminals commonly use corruption and bribery as they attempt to stay ahead of those trying to stop them. We hope things change and the rate reduces in the long run.